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地理科普時間:五大洋英文怎麽說?

更新时间:2016-06-02    已阅读:2101次

讓我們一起看一看世界五大洋的語言根源吧。首先,表示海洋的詞彙ocean是怎麽來的呢?這個詞彙來自拉丁語中的希臘詞彙ōkeanos,這個詞彙的含義是“圍繞著地球的偉大河流”。Ocean這個詞最初表示整個水體,古希臘人認爲大陸是單片的土地,水體圍繞著整個大陸。後來,ocean被用來與內陸海sea作區分,如地中海(字面上爲“在土地的中間”)。

Indian Ocean-洋

As (linguistically) it’s the least interesting ocean: it is named simply ause it is to the south of India.
這是最普通的海洋的命名,僅僅因爲它在印度南面。

Pacific Ocean-太平洋

If you’re wondering whether there’s a link between Pacific and , then you’re not wrong. The name of the ocean was originally a specific use of pacific, meaning ‘peaceful’ or ‘characterized by calmness’. Pacific Ocean derives from Mar Pacifico, the name given in Portuguese, Italian, and Spanish to the body of water in allusion to the calm seas experienced by Ferdinand Magellan on first reaching it in 1520.
如果你想知道太平洋和pacify(安抚/平静)之间的是否有关联,那么你的猜测是正确的。海洋的名字最初是pacific的特定使用,表示“和平”或“以冷静为特点”。Pacific Ocean表达来源于词汇Mar Pacifico,该词汇由,和西班牙興起,原因是費迪南德麥哲倫于1520年首次航線中發現它的水面較爲平靜。

Atlantic Ocean-大西洋

Atlantic comes from the ek Atlantikos, from Atlas, the Titan of Greek mythology who supported the heavens with his great strength. (His image appeared as a  to early collections of maps in a volume, leading to the modern use of the word atlas.) The term Atlantic originally referred to the Atlas Mountains in North Africa, and hence to the sea near the west African coast, and was later extended to refer to the whole ocean.
大西洋来源于希腊词Atlantikos,来自阿特拉斯,希腊神话中凭借自己的神力撑起天空的巨人。 (他的形象出现在早期图集的卷首插画中,导致现代使用atlas这个词。)Atlantic一词最初指的是北非的阿特拉斯山脉,因此也指西非海岸附近的海域,后来atlantic扩展到指整个海洋。

Arctic Ocean-北冰洋

The Arctic Ocean, unsurprisingly, surrounds the Arctic; that is, the regions around the North Pole. Arctic conceals its origins rather more successfully; it comes from the Greek arktos, meaning ‘bear’ – and also ‘Ursa Major’ and ‘pole star’. The connection between bear and star comes from the story in Greek  that the nymph Callisto was turned into a bear and placed as a constellation in the heavens by Zeus.
北冰洋,不出所料,圍繞著北極圈(北極圈指北極周圍的地區)。Arctic這個詞更成功地隱藏它的起源,它來自希臘詞arktos,意思是“熊”,也可表示“大熊”和“北極星”。熊和星之間的聯系來源于希臘神話中的,女神卡利斯托被宙斯變成了一只熊在天空之變成一座星座。

Antarctic Ocean-南冰洋

The Antarctic Ocean, also known as the Southern Ocean, is defined in opposition to the Arctic: Antarctic simply means ‘opposite to the Arctic’. Both Antarctic Ocean and Southern Ocean are in common use as terms, and were originally used in  to this body of water around the same time, albeit different centuries. The Oxford English Dictionary (OED) currently dates Antarctic Ocean to 1699 and Southern Ocean to 1702.
南冰洋,也被称为Southern Ocean(南大洋),这个词产生源于与Arctic(北极)相对:antarctic仅仅表示“北极圈的反方向”。Antarctic Ocean和Southern Ocea都是常用的表达,最初用于表示海洋的时间尽管在不同的世纪,但大致相同,。《牛津英语词典》(OED)目前追溯到的Antarctic Ocean的使用在1699,Southern Ocean可追溯到1702年。


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